Types of Arrhythmia and Basic Terms

Types of Arrhythmia and Basic Terms

Atrial Flutter (Rapid Heart Rate) – abnormal heart rhythm that happens in the atria of the heart

Atrial Fibrillation – the heart is beating too fast and irregularly.  You need to seek treatment and this may increase your risk of stroke.

Arrhythmia – An irregularity in the force or rhythm of the heartbeat.

Bpm – beats per minute (see heart rate)

Brachycardia –a very slow heart rate (less than 60 bpm)

Ectopic Beats – an extra beat of the heart.  Treatment is not usually necessary unless you experience several extra beats in row or have other heart conditions.

Heart Palpitation – a rapid, irregular or pulsating heart beat.  Gives you the sense that you can feel or see your heart beat.

Heart Rate – the frequency cardiac cycle.  Heart rate is calculated as the number of contractions (heart beats) in one minute and expressed as bpm (beats per minute).

Tachycardia – a very fast heart rate (over 100 bpm)

  • Paroxysmal Atrial Tachycardia – the heart may have times when it beats fast, but still regularly.  The feeling may be unpleasant, but this is not usually dangerous.
  • Ventricular Tachycardia – the heart beats too fast and may not pump enough blood.  This can be dangerous for some people (if they have chest pain, feel faint or short of breath) and you need to seek immediate care.
  • *Supraventricular Tachycardia – abnormal fast heart rhythm that starts in the upper chambers (atria) and rhythm may remain constant. Caused from abnormal electrical connections in the heart.  May experience racing pulse, shortness of breath, feel faint, chest pain, throat tightness, sweating, etc. You should seek immediate care.

Visit my heart anatomy page to learn more. (ß LINK)

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*I was diagnosed with Supraventricular Tachycardia.

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